Risk Management - Public access

Most of the material found on this website is freely available in the public domain. Original authors have been acknowledged where this information is available.

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Legal disclaimer (technical jargon ahead!)

If you do not wish your original work to be linked here, please contact PACI and we will remove it. The presence of material by various authors on this site does not mean the said authors are individual members of PACI nor does it mean that they endorse PACI. The reverse also applies - in that the presence of various articles on this site does not imply an endorsement or approval by PACI. No responsibility is accepted for the technical accuracy of any documents outside the direct control of PACI (some of which cannot be verified). Any reliance placed on the information contained herein is understood to be at your own risk. PACI will not accept legal liability for any damages incurred as a result of reliance placed on the documents contained at this site. If you disagree with any of these terms, you should leave this site now.

This site is freely accessible to the public and no monetary gain, profit or reward is obtained by PACI Pty Ltd, its directors or employees or anyone else connected with PACI. The information is provided in good faith and as a contribution to global knowledge that relates to roped activities at height. We would welcome any suggestions and/or contributions from interested members of the public.

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To download the PDF files, right click and select "Save target as" (if using Microsoft Internet Explorer). If you are using Mozilla Firefox, right click and select "Save link as". You will then be asked to select a folder to save the file to. Alternatively, you can left click and the file will immediately begin downloading to your browser if you have Adobe Acrobat reader VER 9.0 installed (or later versions). If you do not have Adobe Acrobat Reader VER 9.0 or later versions, please go here to download the free program.

 

RISK MANAGEMENT

 

ARTICLE

VER

DESCRIPTION

SIZE

01

Risk assessment form PDF

Risk assessment form DOC

2.2  12/June/2008

A useful template for conducting risk assessments (PACI authored)

Word doc (2003) format

51 KB

408 KB

02

Acceptable risk

2001

World Health Organisation paper on acceptable risk. Authored by Paul R Hunter and Lorna Fewtrell.

207 KB

03

NASA accident report

Aug 2003

The report of the Columbia Accident Investigation Board (CAIB). An incredible read providing insight into large organisational behaviour and attitudes to risk. In this case, upper level NASA management seemed to override engineering concerns.

At 81 seconds after launch, a chunk of foam peeled off the fuel tank and punched a sizeable hole in the left leading edge of the wing. This doomed the shuttle and 7 astronauts. On re-entry into the Earth's atmosphere, super heated air (exceeding 2760 C) entered the left wing and melted it from the inside out while the shuttle was travelling at speeds in excess of 16,000 kph.

10.3 MB

04

Risk management

2006

Article on Risk Management by Ben JM Ale, Phil WM Brighton and Michael Barram. Published in a special edition of the Safety Science Monitor (Volume 10).

145 KB

05

Hazpak Guide

 

A practical guide to risk management. Published by NSW Workcover Authority.

114 KB

06

Safe Work NSW

Visit Worksafe NSW to access various Codes of Practice.

Website: http://www.safework.nsw.gov.au/law-and-policy/legislation-and-codes/codes-of-practice

07

Suspension trauma

451 / 2002

Paul Seddon report on suspension trauma (harness hang syndrome)

1053 KB

08

Acceptable risk

1998

Paper on acceptable risk written by Jorn Vaten in 1998 as part of his Ph.D at the Norwegian university of science and technology.

63 KB

09

Risk management code

2011

QLD code of practice for risk management

Original copyright is held with the State of QLD.

Visit WorkCover QLD website for all published codes.

Website: https://www.worksafe.qld.gov.au/laws-and-compliance/codes-of-practice

608 KB

10

Group think

2005

A paper on the psychological behaviour of people in groups and committees. Authored by Robert S Baron - Dept of Psychology, University of Iowa USA

Irving Janis, who did extensive work on the subject, defined it as:

A mode of thinking that people engage in when they are deeply involved in a cohesive in-group, when the members' strivings for unanimity override their motivation to realistically appraise alternative courses of action.

Source: Janis, Irving L. Victims of Groupthink. Boston. Houghton Mifflin Company, 1972, page 9

282 KB

11

Normalisation of Deviance

 

The condition of 'Normalisation of Deviance' was a leading causal factor in the destruction of two Space Shuttles and the loss or 14 astronauts. Regular occurrences of seemingly 'insignificant' near misses conditions managers and persons in control of operations to accept such events as 'normal' and to continue 'business as usual'.

In the outdoor recreation industry, connector misalignment caused by cyclic loading events are commonplace and generally  'accepted'. Some manufacturers are designing carabiners with captive pins and captive eyes to ensure proper alignment of force.

It continually surprises this author (Mark Gommers) how seemingly ignorant many operators are to the insidious problem of connector misalignment... one only has to look at the Jade Frances case in 2000 (she became a paraplegic at age 15).

81 KB

12

Coroners report NZ

30/March/2010

Coroners report on river gorge deaths which occurred during a guided activity in the Mangatepopo stream in Tongariro NZ on 15 April 2008.

302 KB

13

Activity plan

Risk assessment

1.3  03/Oct/2009

1.3  19/Oct/2009

Sample activity plan for an outdoor recreation abseiling activity. Note that the content will vary from one type of activity (and site) to the next. This is only a sample - it is not exhaustive.

Sample risk assessment (to be read in conjunction with activity plan above). Note: This risk assessment is intended only as a guide - it is not exhaustive.

1165 KB

111 KB

14

Rope attachment protocols

2.6  02/June/2012

This document outlines the PACI protocols for attaching a rope to a participants harness. The document deals primarily with indoor (artificial) climbing surfaces but the protocols also apply to challenge ropes courses (high elements).

1.01 MB

15

Belay systems (artificial surfaces)

1.1  14/June/2011

This document outlines the PACI protocols for belay systems used at artificial climbing surfaces (eg indoor climbing gyms).

299 KB

16

Challenge ropes courses

1.0  30/Sep/2011

This document outlines the PACI protocols for rope attachment (ie connective) systems used on challenge ropes courses.

404 KB

17

Risk study guide

1.2 01/July/2017

PACI study guide for risk management.

This is a comprehensive look at hazards, risks and some important judicial (court) interpretations.

 

Password = thankyou

 

PACI Guides and Instructors must use this document as an aid to develop effective risk management plans.

1.1 MB

 

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